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    How To Invest with Dollar Cost Averaging (DCA) strategy

    An advanced Dollar Cost Averaging (DCA) trading strategy involves systematically purchasing an asset at fixed intervals or after specific price drops to mitigate risk and potentially capitalize on market fluctuations. Here's a detailed advanced DCA strategy for educational purposes. Please note that trading involves risks, and you should thoroughly test and understand any strategy before implementation.

    Strategy Overview: Advanced Dollar Cost Averaging (DCA)

    Market Assumptions:

    • You believe in the long-term potential of the chosen asset.
    • You expect the asset to experience price fluctuations over time.
    • You're prepared for potential short-term losses in exchange for potential long-term gains.

    Strategy Setup:

    • Asset Selection: Choose a fundamentally strong asset that you believe will appreciate over time. This could be a cryptocurrency, stock, index fund, or any other tradable asset.
    • Investment Amount: Determine the total amount you're willing to invest in the asset over a defined period. Divide this total amount into equal portions to invest at each interval.
    • DCA Intervals: Set regular intervals for investing, such as daily, weekly, or monthly. More frequent intervals (e.g., daily) allow you to capture smaller price movements, while less frequent intervals (e.g., monthly) require longer holding periods.
    • Initial Purchase: Make the first investment with a portion of your total amount to establish your position.

    Trading Rules:

    • Regular Investments: At each predefined interval, invest an equal portion of your total amount in the chosen asset. The goal is to buy regardless of market conditions.
    • Price-Triggered Investments: If the asset's price drops significantly (e.g., 10% or more) from your previous purchase, make an additional investment. This is known as a "price-triggered" investment.

    Risk Management:

    • Set a maximum investment amount per interval to manage overall exposure.
    • Monitor the asset's performance and adjust intervals or investment amounts if market conditions change.
    • Be prepared for the possibility of short-term paper losses. DCA aims to smooth out market volatility over time.

    Benefits and Considerations:

    • Averaging Out Volatility: DCA helps mitigate the impact of market volatility by spreading investments over time.
    • Long-Term Perspective: DCA is a long-term strategy that benefits from the potential compounding effect.
    • Reduced Timing Pressure: DCA reduces the pressure of trying to time the market perfectly.

    Example Scenario:

    • Total Investment Amount: $10,000
    • DCA Intervals: Weekly
    • Initial Purchase: $2,000
    • Price-Triggered Investment: If the asset's price drops by 10% or more from the previous purchase
    • Week 1: Invest $2,000 (Initial Purchase)
    • Week 2: Invest $1,000 (DCA)
    • Week 3: Invest $1,000 (DCA)
    • Week 4: Asset price drops by 10%, invest $1,000 (Price-Triggered)
    • Week 5: Invest $1,000 (DCA)
    • Week 6: Invest $1,000 (DCA)

    ... and so on

    Remember that DCA is a long-term strategy that requires discipline and patience. Before implementing any trading strategy, including DCA, conduct thorough research, understand the risks, and consider consulting with financial professionals.


    The provided code is a implementation of a Dollar Cost Averaging (DCA) strategy in Pine Script, which is a popular investment strategy where an investor allocates a fixed amount of funds to purchase a certain asset at regular intervals, regardless of the asset's price.

    Here's a breakdown of the code:

    The strategy is defined using the strategy() function with various parameters such as overlay, pyramiding, calc_on_every_tick, and process_orders_on_close.

    Two helper functions fn_plot_label_below() and fn_plot_label_above() are defined to plot labels on the chart. The labels display relevant information such as max drawdown, profit, and cost.

    User input is taken to customize the strategy. Inputs include the DCA period (daily, weekly, or monthly), the size of each DCA operation in the quote currency, whether it is a long or short position, the exit strategy (none or gain threshold), the gain threshold, and the percentage at which to close positions.

    • The start and end timestamps for the backtest period are defined based on user input.
    • The variable daily_close retrieves the daily closing price of the asset being traded.
    • The new_day variable detects the start of a new day.
    • The is_today variable checks if the current candle represents the current day.
    • The is_buy_day variable determines if it is a buy day based on the chosen DCA period and the corresponding day or month.
    • The position_cost variable calculates the cost of the current position.
    • The position_value variable calculates the current value of the position.
    • The profit variable calculates the profit of the position.
    • The max_dd variable tracks the maximum drawdown during the backtest.
    • The trigger condition determines if it is time to trigger a DCA buy according to the specified DCA period.
    • Inside the trigger condition, the strategy.entry() function is called to open a new position with the specified direction (long or short) and quantity (based on the DCA single size divided by the closing price).
    • Labels are plotted on the chart to indicate the DCA entry points.
    • If the exit strategy is set to "gain threshold" and the profit crosses over the exit gain threshold, the strategy.close() function is called to close the position with a specified percentage.
    • If it is time to close the DCA (end of backtest or current day), the strategy.close() function is invoked to close the position completely.
    • The plot() function is used to display the average position entry price on the chart.
    • The background color of the chart changes based on whether the current price is above or below the average position entry price.
    • If there is a change in the maximum drawdown, a label is plotted below the chart to display the maximum drawdown value.
    • If the DCA is not closed, a label is plotted above the chart to show the current profit and cost.
    • This code allows you to backtest and visualize a DCA strategy on TradingView using Pine Script. It aims to automate the process of dollar-cost averaging into an asset based on the specified parameters and exit strategies.


    Copypaste code to your Tradingview Strategy Tester

    //Made by "Liquidator", all credits for this script go to him.
    strategy('dca', overlay=true, pyramiding=10000, calc_on_every_tick=true, process_orders_on_close=true)
    fn_plot_label_below(txt, offset_x) =>
        x = time + (time - time[1]) * offset_x
        var label lab = na
        lab := label.new(x=x, y=0, text=txt, xloc=xloc.bar_time, yloc=yloc.belowbar, color=color.red, textcolor=color.black, size=size.normal, style=label.style_label_up)
        label.set_x(lab, x)
    fn_plot_label_above(txt, offset_x) =>
        x = time + (time - time[1]) * offset_x
        var label lab = na
        lab := label.new(x=x, y=0, text=txt, xloc=xloc.bar_time, yloc=yloc.abovebar, color=color.green, textcolor=color.black, size=size.normal, style=label.style_label_down)
        label.set_x(lab, x)
    month_day = input.int(15, minval=1, maxval=28)
    week_day = input.int(dayofweek.monday, options=[dayofweek.monday, dayofweek.tuesday, dayofweek.wednesday, dayofweek.thursday, dayofweek.friday, dayofweek.saturday, dayofweek.sunday])
    dca_period = input.string(MONTHLY, options=[DAILY, MONTHLY, WEEKLY])
    dca_sigle_size = input(100.0, title='sigle operation size in quote currency ( ex: USD on ticker EUR/USD )')
    dca_long = input(true)
    exit_strategy = input.string(EXIT_NONE, options=[EXIT_NONE, EXIT_GAIN_THRESHOLD])
    exit_gain_threshold = input(1000.0)
    exit_close_perc = input(25)
    start = timestamp(input(2018, 'start year'), input(1, 'start month'), input(1, 'start day'), 00, 00)
    end = timestamp(input(2100, 'end year'), input(1, 'end month'), input(1, 'end day'), 00, 00)
    daily_close = request.security(ticker.new(syminfo.prefix, syminfo.ticker), 'D', close, gaps=barmerge.gaps_on)
    new_day = ta.change(dayofweek)
    is_today = year(timenow) == year(time) and month(timenow) == month(time) and dayofmonth(timenow) == dayofmonth(time)
    is_buy_day = dca_period == WEEKLY and dayofweek == week_day or dca_period == MONTHLY and month_day == dayofmonth or dca_period == DAILY
    position_cost = strategy.opentrades * dca_sigle_size
    //position_cost = strategy.position_size * strategy.position_avg_price
    position_value = strategy.position_size * close
    profit = position_value - position_cost
    float max_dd = 0
    max_dd := math.min(profit, nz(max_dd[1]))
    trigger = time > start and time < end and is_buy_day and new_day
    close_dca = time > end or is_today
    if trigger
        strategy.entry('DCA', direction=dca_long ? strategy.long : strategy.short, qty=dca_sigle_size / close)
        if dca_long
            label.new(x=bar_index, y=0, yloc=yloc.belowbar, size=size.tiny, style=label.style_triangleup, color=color.green)
            label.new(x=bar_index, y=0, yloc=yloc.abovebar, size=size.tiny, style=label.style_triangledown, color=color.red)
    if exit_strategy == EXIT_GAIN_THRESHOLD and ta.crossover(profit, exit_gain_threshold)
        strategy.close('DCA', qty_percent=exit_close_perc)
        label.new(x=bar_index, y=0, yloc=yloc.abovebar, size=size.tiny, style=label.style_triangledown, color=color.purple)
    if close_dca
        strategy.close('DCA', qty_percent=100)
    plot(strategy.position_avg_price, title='average position entry price')
    bgcolor(dca_long ? close < strategy.position_avg_price ? color.red : color.green : close < strategy.position_avg_price ? color.green : color.red,transp=90)
    if ta.change(max_dd) != 0
        fn_plot_label_below('max drowdown: ' + str.tostring(max_dd, '#.##'), 0)
    if not close_dca
        fn_plot_label_above('profit: ' + str.tostring(profit, '#.##') + '\n' + 'cost:   ' + str.tostring(position_cost, '#.##'), 0)

    Please note that this code is for educational purposes and might require further customization, error handling, and testing before using it in a live trading environment. Also, remember that trading carries risks, and it's important to consult with financial professionals and thoroughly test any strategy before deploying it.

    Copy this code to your MT4 Editor

    // Define strategy parameters
    input double initialInvestment = 1000; // Initial investment amount
    input int dcaIntervals = 7; // DCA intervals in days
    input double triggerDropPercentage = 10; // Percentage drop to trigger additional investment
    //| Expert initialization function                                   |
    int OnInit()
       // Calculate the amount to invest per interval
       double amountToInvest = initialInvestment / dcaIntervals;
       // Loop through the DCA intervals
       for (int i = 0; i < dcaIntervals; i++)
          // Calculate the current investment date
          datetime investmentDate = TimeCurrent() + PeriodSeconds() * 86400 * i; // PeriodSeconds() returns seconds per period
          // Place the investment order
          int ticket = OrderSend(Symbol(), OP_BUY, amountToInvest, MarketInfo(Symbol(), MODE_ASK), 3, 0, 0, "DCA Investment", 0, clrNONE);
          // Check if the trigger drop percentage is reached
          if (ticket != -1 && i > 0)
             double previousClose = iMA(Symbol(), 0, 1, 0, MODE_CLOSE, i - 1); // Get previous close price
             double currentClose = MarketInfo(Symbol(), MODE_CLOSE); // Get current close price
             // Calculate the price drop percentage
             double priceDropPercentage = ((previousClose - currentClose) / previousClose) * 100;
             // Check if the drop percentage exceeds the trigger
             if (priceDropPercentage >= triggerDropPercentage)
                // Place an additional investment order
                int additionalTicket = OrderSend(Symbol(), OP_BUY, amountToInvest, MarketInfo(Symbol(), MODE_ASK), 3, 0, 0, "Triggered Investment", 0, clrNONE);

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